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"Against the backdrop of..."
In this figurative sense, backdrop means "the setting or conditions within which something happens."
The phrase against the backdrop basically means in the context of.
Here are some examples:
All of the court challenges are playing out against the backdrop of the criminal investigation.
All this comes against the backdrop of a presidential election in which the economy stands as the primary issue.
A friendship between two women in Afghanistan against the backdrop of 30 years of war.