Ask the Editor
What does 'subject to' mean in a sentence? — Emtiaz , Bangladesh
Subject to has three different meanings.
1. Subject to can mean "affected by or possibly affected by (something). Below are some examples of this use:
- Residents are subject to a $100 fine if they are caught littering.
- Clothing purchases are not subject to tax. [=you do not have to pay tax when you buy clothes]
- The field trip is scheduled for June but the date is subject to change. [=the date might change]
2. Subject to can also mean "likely to do, have, or suffer from (something). Below are some examples of this use:
- He is subject to anxiety attacks.
- California is subject to earthquakes.
3. Subject to can also mean "dependent on something else to happen or be true." Below are some examples of this use:
- The renovations to their house are subject to town approval. [=the town must approve the renovation plan before work can begin]
- Rooms at the inn are $200 a night, subject to availability.
I hope this helps.
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