1 rough /ˈrʌf/ adjective
rougher; roughest
1 rough
rougher; roughest
Learner's definition of ROUGH
[also more rough; most rough]
: having a surface that is not even
opposite smooth
: having or causing sudden, violent movements
opposite smooth
somewhat informal : difficult or unpleasant to deal with
: not calm : having large waves, strong winds, storms, etc.
: not gentle or careful : causing or likely to cause harm or injury
: having a lot of crime or danger
: made or done in a way that is simple or that needs further changes, improvements, etc.
always used before a noun : not precise or exact : not including all the details
British, informal : not well

— roughness

noun [noncount]
2 rough /ˈrʌf/ adverb
2 rough
Learner's definition of ROUGH
: in a rough way
British : outside and without shelter
3 rough /ˈrʌf/ noun
plural roughs
3 rough
plural roughs
Learner's definition of ROUGH
the rough golf : an area on a golf course covered with tall grass that makes it difficult to hit the ball
[count] : something (such as a drawing) that is done quickly and is not detailed or finished
[count] informal + old-fashioned : a person who is loud and violent

in rough

: in an unfinished form

in the rough

chiefly US
: in an unfinished or rough state
see also diamond in the rough

take the rough with the smooth

chiefly British
: to accept and deal with the bad or unpleasant things that happen in addition to the good or pleasant things
4 rough /ˈrʌf/ verb
roughs; roughed; roughing
4 rough
roughs; roughed; roughing
Learner's definition of ROUGH
[+ object] American football + ice hockey
: to hit (a player) very hard in a way that is not allowed by the rules

rough in

[phrasal verb]
rough (something) in or rough in (something)
: to make a rough or unfinished version of (something, such as a design) as the first step in creating the finished version

rough it

: to live usually for a short time without the normal things that make life comfortable

rough out

[phrasal verb]
rough (something) out or rough out (something)
: to make (something, such as a drawing or a list) quickly and without including all the details

rough up

[phrasal verb]
rough (someone) up or rough up (someone) informal
: to hit and hurt (someone)