strikes; struck/ˈstrʌk/; struckalsostricken/ˈstrɪkən/; striking/ˈstraɪkɪŋ/ strikes; struck/ˈstrʌk/; struckalsostricken/ˈstrɪkən/; striking/ˈstraɪkɪŋ/
Learner's definition of STRIKE
1 a : to hit (someone or something) in a forceful way
b : to cause (something) to hit something in a forceful way c : to hit (someone or something) with your hand, a weapon, etc.
The ship struck an iceberg.
The car struck the tree.
The bullet struck him in the leg.
The cyclist was struck by a car.
The tree was struck by lightning.
He fell and his head struck the pavement.
I could hear the rain striking the rooftop.
2 [no object] : to attack someone or something suddenly — often + at — often used figuratively
He hurt her feelings by striking at [=attacking, criticizing] her personal beliefs.
The proposed law strikes at the foundations of our democracy.
3 not used in progressive tenses : to affect (someone or something) suddenly in a bad way : to cause damage, harm, illness, etc., to (someone or something)
— often used as (be) stricken
The flu strikes millions of people each year. [=millions of people get sick with the flu each year]
A hurricane struck the island.
The city has been struck by a powerful earthquake.
[no object] — often used figuratively
4 not used in progressive tenses, [+ object] : to cause (someone) to be in a certain condition suddenly — usually used as (be) struck
They were struck speechless with surprise.
He was struck deaf/blind [=he became deaf/blind] at an early age.
I was struck dumb [=dumbstruck] by the news.
5 a : to cause someone to feel (a strong emotion) suddenly — often + in or into b : to affect (someone) with a strong emotion 6 [+ object] : to cause (something) to happen or exist : to do or achieve (something)
He needs to strike a better balance between his work life and his family life. [=he needs to spend less time at work and more time with his family]
They struck a blow for freedom and against tyranny. [=they did something that helped freedom and opposed tyranny]
Fate has struck a heavy blow against us. = Fate has struck us a heavy blow.
7 not used in progressive tenses, [+ object] : to be thought of by (someone) suddenly : to occur to (someone)
It suddenly struck me [=I realized suddenly] that I would never see her again.
The answer just struck me.
It strikes me [=I realize] that there is a larger issue at stake.
8 not used in progressive tenses, [+ object] : to cause (someone) to think about someone or something in a particular way — often + as 9 [no object], of a group of workers : to stop work in order to force an employer to agree to demands : to refuse to work until your employer does what you want — often + for 10 of a clock : to make the time known by making a sound
11 [+ object] : to cause (a match) to start burning by rubbing it against a surface 12 [+ object] : to make (an agreement) 13 [+ object] : to remove (something) from (something)
She struck the song from the album at the last minute.
He struck [=deleted] the sentence from the paragraph.
The clause has been stricken from the contract.
14 not used in progressive tenses, [+ object] : to find or discover (something) especially by digging
— see also strike gold (below)
15 [+ object] : to place yourself in (a particular position, posture, etc.) 16 [+ object] : to play (a note, chord, etc.) on a musical instrument by using your fingers on keys or strings — often used figuratively 17 always followed by an adverb or preposition, [no object] : to begin to walk or go in a particular direction — usually + off or out
— see also strike out 4 (below)
18 [+ object] : to make (a coin, medal, etc.) by pressing an image into a piece of metal
be struck byinformal
: to be very impressed by or pleased with (something or someone)
lightning never strikes (the same place) twice
strike back[phrasal verb]
: to try to hurt someone who has hurt you or treated you badly — often + at
strike down[phrasal verb]
strike (someone) down
1 a : to make (someone) unable to work, act, or function in the usual way — usually used as (be) struck down b : to cause (someone) to die suddenly — usually used as (be) struck down 2 strike (something) downchiefly US, law or strike down (something) : to say officially that (something) is no longer legally valid
: to have great success with something
— see also 1strike 14 (above)
strike it richinformal
: to become rich suddenly
strike off[phrasal verb]
1 strike off (something) or strike (something) off : to draw a line through (a name or item on a list) 2 strike off (something) or strike (something) off : to remove (something) by hitting it with a tool in a forceful way 3 strike off (someone)British or strike (someone) off : to remove the name of (someone, such as a doctor or lawyer) from an official register — usually used as (be) struck off
— see also 1strike 17 (above)
strike on/upon[phrasal verb]
1 not used in progressive tensesstrike on/upon (something) : to find or discover (something) especially suddenly 2 be struck onBritish, informal : to like or be impressed by (someone or something) very much
strike out[phrasal verb]
1 a strike (someone) outof a pitcher or strike out (someone) : to cause (a batter) to be out by pitching three strikes b of a batter : to make an out by getting three strikes 2 strike (something) out or strike out (something) : to remove (something) from a document : delete 3 US, informal : to be unsuccessful : fail 4 : to begin a course of action
— see also 1strike 17 (above)
5 : to try to hit someone or something suddenly — often + at 6 : to make a sudden and angry attack against someone — often + at
strike (someone) dead
: to kill (someone) in a quick and unexpected way
strike up[phrasal verb]
strike up (something)
1 a : to begin to play (a piece of music) b : to cause (an orchestra, a band, etc.) to begin playing 2 strike up (something) also strike (something) up : to begin (something)
strike while the iron is hot
: to do something immediately while you still have a good chance to do it
Learner's definition of STRIKE
1 : a period of time when workers stop work in order to force an employer to agree to their demands
The workers are on strike.
Workers are threatening to go (out) on strike. = (Brit) Workers are threatening to come out on strike.
Workers threatened to take strike action.
2 [count] : a military attack 3 [count] : the act of hitting something with force
4 a baseball : a pitch that passes through a certain area over home plate without being hit and that counts against the batter b US : a perfectly thrown ball or pass 5 [count], chiefly US : something that makes someone or something less likely to be accepted, approved, successful, etc.
Her poor attendance was a strike against her. [=her poor attendance counted against her]
He has a criminal record, so that's one strike against him.
I want the job, but I'm young and I don't have much experience, so I feel like I already have two strikes against me.
6 [count], bowling : the achievement of knocking down all 10 pins with the first ball 7 [count] : a discovery of something valuable (such as oil) — usually singular