Learner's definition of RESIDENCE
1 [noncount] : the state of living in a particular place
He recently ended his residence at the apartment complex.
Birds have taken up residence [=established a home] in the barn.
(US) a residence hall = (Brit) a hall of residence [=a place where students live at a college or university]
2 [count] : the place where someone lives — often used to refer especially to a large and impressive house where an important or wealthy person lives 3 [noncount] : legal permission to live in a country
1 : living in a particular place at a particular time 2 : having an official position as a writer, artist, etc., who has been chosen to live and work at a college or other institution for a period of time