comes; came/ˈkeɪm/; come; coming comes; came/ˈkeɪm/; come; coming
Learner's definition of COME
1 : to move toward someone or something
Please come here for a minute. I want to show you something.
Don't come near me.
She came quietly into the room.
He came home late again last night.
The dog began to growl as we came closer.
Here he comes. [=he is approaching us]
The captain of the ship invited us to come aboard.
The dog came running when she called it. [=the dog ran to her when she called it]
If you need me I'll come running. [=I'll come to you very quickly]
2 : to go or travel to a place
— often used figuratively
People come from all over the country to see him.
Some people came by car while others came by plane.
Why don't you come and/to stay with us for a while?
My parents are coming for a visit. = My parents are coming to visit.
I hope you'll come (to/and) visit us soon.
About a hundred people are coming to the wedding.
People come many miles to visit the shrine.
They came very far [=they traveled a long way] to see you.
My brother is coming down [=traveling south] to visit me this week, and I'll be going up to visit him next month.
She lives uptown and rarely comes down to this part of the city.
My parents are coming up [=traveling north] to visit me this weekend.
She lives downtown and rarely comes up to this part of the city.
— see also come a long way (below)
3 of mail : to be delivered to a place 4 a : to have or form an opinion, attitude, etc., after time passes — followed by to + verb
b : to do something specified — followed by to + verb
I didn't like him at first, but I eventually came to regard him as a friend.
He has come to be considered one of the leading candidates for the job.
They came to believe that no one would help them.
She came to be known [=she became known] as the world's greatest dancer.
The food wasn't as good as I've come to expect.
I don't know how he came to acquire the property. [=I don't know how he acquired the property]
How did you come to have such an idea? [=what caused you to have such an idea?]
How did she come to be there? [=why was she there?]
5 always followed by an adverb or preposition : to reach a specified level, part, etc. 6 [linking verb] : to reach a specified state or condition
My shoe came untied.
The screw came loose.
Things will come [=become] clear if we are patient.
The party suddenly came alive. [=the party suddenly became lively]
The rent is coming due next week. [=the rent will be due next week]
7 a : to happen or occur
b : to arrive or happen after time has passed
These changes couldn't have come at a better time.
I promise that no harm will come to you. [=I promise that you will not be harmed]
Her success came at a high price. [=she paid a high price for her success]
It's important for children to learn about the people and things that came before us.
Success didn't come easy for her. [=she did not achieve success easily]
The days will be longer when spring comes. = Come spring the days will be longer.
She'll be back in school come September. = She'll be back in school when September comes.
This war will end eventually, and when that day comes, we will all be profoundly thankful.
The time has come to stop hesitating and make a decision.
not used in progressive tenses of a product that is being sold
8 a : to be available
b : to have something as a feature, quality, ability, etc.
This model comes in several sizes. [=this model can be bought in several sizes]
a product that comes in a variety of colors and shapes
when the product first came on the market [=when the product was first being sold]
9 a : to have a specified position or place in a series
b British : to end a race or competition in a specified position
I don't know which came first.
The letter D comes after C and before E.
He cares about his job, but his family comes first. [=his family is more important than his job]
10 a — used in speech as a mild way to urge someone to do something or to become less upset, angry, etc.
b — used in speech as a mild way to show that you do not approve of or agree with what someone has said
Come, it's not that bad. I'm sure you'll feel better soon.
Come now, there's no reason to be so upset.
11 informal + impolite : to experience an orgasm
as…as they come
— used to describe someone or something as very good, bad, etc.
come about[phrasal verb]
2 of a boat or ship : to turn to a different direction
come across[phrasal verb]
1 : to seem to have a particular quality or character : to make a particular impression — usually + as 2 : to be expressed to someone
She says she was trying to be helpful, but that's not what came across when I talked to her. [=I did not get the feeling that she was trying to be helpful when I talked to her]
Her enthusiasm really came across [=came through] when she talked about her job. [=we could see that she was really enthusiastic when she talked about her job]
3 come across (something or someone) : to meet or find (something or someone) by chance
Researchers have come across important new evidence.
As I was walking through the town, I came across a group of street performers.
4 informal : to pay money that someone wants or demands
come after[phrasal verb]
come after (someone)
: to chase (someone) : to try to find or capture (someone you want to hurt or punish)
— used to ask someone to repeat something that was not heard or understood clearly
come along[phrasal verb]
1 : to go somewhere with someone 2 : to make progress : to get better or to proceed in a desired way : to proceed in a specified way
The work is coming along well.
The investigation is coming along slowly, and there's still a lot more work to be done.
3 : to happen or appear as someone or something that might be used, chosen, etc.
come a long way
1 : to rise to a much higher level of success : to become very successful 2 : to make a great amount of progress
come and go
1 — used to talk about time that has passed 2 — used to talk about people who appear and then leave as time passes
: to break into parts or pieces — often used figuratively
come around[phrasal verb]or chiefly Britishcome round
1 : to start to accept and support something (such as an idea) after opposing it : to stop opposing or disagreeing with something or someone — often + to 3 : to go to visit someone 4 : to occur in the usual way as time passes
— see also what goes around comes around at 1go
5 of a boat or ship : to turn to a different direction
— used to describe the effect that something has when people first learn about it
Their decision came as a surprise (to me). [=their decision was a surprise to me]
It should come as no surprise that many people oppose the plan.
It came as a shock to me [=I was shocked] to see how old he looks now.
The news of her recovery came as a great relief to all of us.
come at[phrasal verb]
come at (someone)
1 a : to move toward (someone) in a threatening or aggressive way b : to be directed at or toward (someone) 2 come at (something) : to begin to deal with or think about (something)
come away from[phrasal verb]
come away from (something)
: to move away from (an area, place, etc.) — often used figuratively
Most readers come away from the book feeling reassured. [=most readers feel reassured when they finish the book]
It was a difficult experience, but she came away from it a stronger and more confident person.
come back[phrasal verb]
1 : to return to a place — sometimes used figuratively 2 a : to return to a former good condition : to become strong, successful, or effective again after a time of weakness, failure, etc. b : to become popular or fashionable again c : to be successful in a game, sport, etc., after being behind 3 : to return to someone's memory — usually + to 4 : to make a reply or response — usually + with
come between[phrasal verb]
come between (people or groups)
: to cause disagreement between (people or groups)
come by[phrasal verb]
1 : to make a visit to someone 2 come by (something) : to get or acquire (something)
I asked him how he came by the money, but he wouldn't tell me.
A good job is hard to come by. [=it's hard to get a good job]
come down[phrasal verb]
1 a : to move or fall downward b of rain, snow, etc. : to fall from the sky
She stood at the window, watching the rain come down.
The rain was coming down in sheets. [=it was raining very heavily]
2 : to go to a lower level
Stock prices have continued to come down [=fall] this week. = Stocks have continued to come down in price this week.
It's sad to see how he has come down in the world. [=how he has fallen to a lower position or status after being wealthy, successful, etc.]
3 : to decide or say in an official or public way that you support or oppose someone or something 4
◊ An announcement or decision that comes down is an announcement or decision from someone who has power or authority.
◊ Something that comes down from the past is something that has existed for a very long time.
6 informal : to stop feeling the effect of an illegal drug : to stop being high on a drug
come down on[phrasal verb]
1 come down on (someone) : to criticize or punish (someone) 2 come down on (something) : to make a strong effort to stop or oppose (something)
come down to[phrasal verb]
come down to (something)
: to have (something) as the most important part
People talk about various reasons for the company's failure, but it all comes down to one thing: a lack of leadership.
The election is going to come down to which candidate seems most trustworthy to the voters. [=the candidate who seems most trustworthy will win the election]
It's nice to be rich, but when you come (right) down to it, it's more important to be healthy and happy.
come down with[phrasal verb]
come down with (an illness)
: to begin to have or suffer from (an illness)
She came down with [=contracted] measles.
I think I may be coming down with [=getting, catching] a cold.
come forward[phrasal verb]
: to say openly or publicly that you are the person who should get something or who can do something
come from[phrasal verb]
come from (something)
1 a : to have (a specified origin or source) b — used to describe a person's family c : to be the result of (something) 2 come from (a place) : to be from (a place): such as a of a person : to have been born or raised in (a place) : to live in (a place) — sometimes used figuratively b of a thing : to be produced in (a place)
Where did this wine come from? [=where is this wine from?]
There was a bad smell coming from the basement.
A sob came from her throat. [=she sobbed]
3 come from (someone) : to be said or told by (someone)
This information comes from a person I trust.
(informal) Those comments are pretty surprising, coming from you. [=it is surprising that you would make those comments]
come in[phrasal verb]
1 a : to enter a place b : to arrive at a place 3 : to end a race or competition in a specified position 4 : to have a particular role or function 5
◊ Something that comes in handy or (less commonly) comes in useful/helpful turns out to be useful when it is needed.
come in/into bloomof a plantorcome into flower
: to begin to produce flowers : to start to bloom
in early spring, when the forsythias are coming into bloom
The lilacs have begun to come into flower.
come in for[phrasal verb]
come in for (something)
: to get or be given (something unpleasant, such as criticism) : to be subjected to (something)
come in on[phrasal verb]
come in on (something)informal
: to become involved in (something)
come into[phrasal verb]
2 : to get (something) as a possession 3 : to be involved in (something)
come into your own
: to begin to have the kind of success that you are capable of having : to become very skillful, successful, etc.
She has really started to come into her own recently.
The company was struggling for many months, but now it really seems to be coming into its own.
come in/into view/sight
: to appear : to begin to be seen
come of[phrasal verb]
come of (something)
: to be the result of (something)
the excitement that comes of meeting people who share your interests
They had discussions about possible new products, but nothing came of it. [=no new products resulted from their discussions]
come off[phrasal verb]
1 come off or come off (something) : to stop being attached to something 2 : to produce a desired result : to succeed 4 : to do or perform well or badly 5 : to seem to have a specified quality or character — usually + as
He's really just shy, but he comes off as a little arrogant. [=he seems a little arrogant]
He came off as a stuffy old man.
come off (something)
6 a US : to have recently completed or recovered from (something) b : to have recently stopped using (an illegal drug) 7 US, informal — used in phrases like where do you come off? to express anger or annoyance at what someone has said or done
Where do you come off talking to me like that? [=you have no right to talk to me like that; how dare you talk to me like that?]
I don't know where he comes off making those kinds of accusations. [=he has no right to make those kinds of accusations]
come off itinformal
: to stop talking or acting in a foolish way — usually used as an interjection
come on[phrasal verb]
1 a : to happen or progress as time passes b : to begin to happen
Rain came on toward noon. [=it began to rain when it was almost noon]
I feel a headache coming on.
It looks like it might be coming on to rain. [=it looks like it might start to rain soon]
2 a of an electrical machine, light, etc. : to begin to work or function b of a TV or radio program : to start
3 a — used in speech to ask or urge someone to do something
b — used in speech to tell someone to hurry or to go faster c — used in speech to express surprise, disbelief, etc.
“I don't feel like going out tonight.” “Oh, come on! It'll do you good to get out of the house for a while.”
“I don't think I can go any further.” “Come on! You can do it if you keep trying!”
4 : to have or seem to have a certain quality or nature
come on strong
1 : to be very forceful or too forceful in talking to someone or dealing with someone 2 : to become stronger or more successful in a continuing contest, race, etc.
The team was playing poorly in the early part of the season, but it has been coming on strong lately.
a political candidate who has been coming on strong in the polls as the day of election draws closer
come on to[phrasal verb]
1 come on to (someone)informal : to show sexual interest in (someone) : to try to start a sexual relationship with (someone) 2 come on to (something)British : to start to talk about or deal with (something)
come out[phrasal verb]
1 : to become available : to begin to be produced or sold 2 a : to become obvious : to be clearly shown b : to become known
The truth finally came out. [=people finally learned the truth]
It came out that he had known about these problems all along, but he hadn't said anything.
3 : to say something openly 4 : to say publicly that you support or oppose someone or something 5 : to say openly that you are a homosexual 6 a : to appear after being hidden : to appear in the open b of a flower : to open : to blossom 7 a : to end or finish in a specified way
b of a photograph : to produce a good picture c — used to describe the quality that something has when it is finished
How did the game come out? [=turn out] [=who won the game?]
Everything came out [=ended up, turned out] all right.
She expects to come out ahead in the end.
He's confident that he'll come out a winner.
He's confident that he'll come out on top [=that he'll win] when all the votes have been counted.
8 : to be said, expressed, or understood in a particular way
That's not what I meant to say. It didn't come out right.
He was trying to make a joke, but it came out wrong.
come out of[phrasal verb]
come out of (something)
1 : to result from (something) 2 : to go through the experience of (something) 3
◊ To come out of nowhere is to be very surprising and unexpected or to become successful, popular, etc., in a very sudden and surprising way.
come out with[phrasal verb]
come out with (something)
1 : to say or express (something, such as an idea)
She came out with a new proposal.
He's always saying ridiculous things. You never know what he'll come out with next.
Why don't you just come out with it and say what you really think?
2 : to publish or produce (something that will be sold to the public)
come over[phrasal verb]
1 : to make a social visit to someone 2 : to change from one side to the other in a disagreement, competition, etc. — usually + to 4 come over (someone) : to affect (someone) in a sudden and strong way
A sudden feeling of dread came over me. [=I felt a sudden feeling of dread]
He's behaving so strangely. I don't know what's come over him lately. [=I don't know what has caused him to behave so strangely]
— see come around (above)
come through[phrasal verb]
1 : to succeed in doing something : to do what is needed or expected 2 a : to be received and understood b : to be expressed to someone 3 : to be given or made official in a formal and final way 4 come through (something) : to have the experience of living through (something)
come to[phrasal verb]
come to (something)
2 a : to reach (a place) while traveling b : to reach (a particular point or step in a process) c : to approach or reach (a specified condition)
The water came slowly to a boil. [=the water slowly began to boil]
The project suddenly came to a stop/halt. [=the project suddenly stopped]
The work has finally come to an end. [=has finally ended]
d : to result in (something) — usually used in negative statements
— see also come to a bad end at 1end
e : to make or reach (something, such as a decision or an agreement) after thinking or talking
His ambitious plans never came to much.
She talked about learning to fly, but it all came to nothing in the end. [=she never did learn to fly]
The two sides finally came to an agreement/understanding after many hours of discussion.
I've been thinking about what to do next, and I've come to a decision. [=I've made a decision]
I've come to the conclusion [=I've decided] that we need to try a different method.
◊ People say that they don't know what the world is coming to or they ask What is the world coming to? when they are shocked or disgusted by something that has happened in the world.
◊ The phrase when it comes to is used to identify the specific topic that is being talked about.
◊ The phrase if it comes to that means “if that is necessary.”
6 come to (an amount) : to produce (an amount) when added together 7 come to (someone) : to be thought of by (someone) : to occur to (someone) 8
◊ Something that is coming to you is something that is owed to you.
If you get what's coming to you, you get the punishment that you deserve.
If you have it coming (to you) you deserve to get something bad, such as punishment.
come together[phrasal verb]
3 : to begin to work or proceed in the desired way
come to passformal + literary
come to think of it
— used in speech to say that you have just remembered or thought of something
The meeting is next Tuesday, which, come to think of it, is also the date of my doctor's appointment.
come under[phrasal verb]
come under (something)
1 : to be subjected to (something)
The troops were resting when they suddenly came under attack. [=when they were suddenly attacked]
His policies have been coming under attack/criticism/fire from conservatives. [=conservatives have been attacking/criticizing his policies]
Many people feel that their civil rights are coming under threat. [=are being threatened]
Some of the governor's recent proposals are now coming under increased scrutiny. [=people are now looking more closely and critically at the proposals]
The school is coming under pressure to change its policies.
2 : to be affected, controlled, or influenced by (something)
an area that has come under the control of rebel forces [=an area that is now controlled by rebel forces]
He was 30 years old when he first came under the care of a psychiatrist. [=when he first began to be treated by a psychiatrist]
Many young people have come under his influence. [=many young people have been influenced by him]
areas that come under his authority
3 — used to identify the group or category that something belongs to
come up[phrasal verb]
1 : to move near to someone or something : to approach someone or something 2 a : to be mentioned or thought of
b : to occur in usually a sudden or unexpected way
That issue never came up. [=arose]
A question has come up about the budget.
I was surprised when his name came up as a possible candidate for the job.
She seems to be ready to deal with any problem that may come up. [=arise]
Something has come up and I won't be able to attend the meeting.
We need to be ready to take action if an opportunity comes up.
3 of the sun or moon : to become visible in the sky : to rise 4 of a plant : to first appear above the ground 5 : to finish in a specified condition or state 6 : to move up in rank or status 7
◊ Something that is coming up will happen soon or will appear soon.
With the election coming up, both candidates are spending all their time on the campaign trail.
Our interview with the mayor is coming (right) up after this commercial.
“I'd like a turkey sandwich and a glass of lemonade, please.” “Coming right up!” [=the sandwich and lemonade will be served to you very quickly]
come up against[phrasal verb]
come up against (something)
: to be stopped or slowed by (something)
come up empty
: to fail to get or find something or someone
come upon[phrasal verb]somewhat formal
1 come upon (someone or something) : to meet or find (someone or something) by chance
As they turned the corner, they came upon an unexpected scene.
While researching the town's history, she came upon some surprising new information about its first mayor.
2 come upon (someone)of a feeling : to affect (someone) suddenly
come up to[phrasal verb]
come up to (something)
: to be as good as (something)
come up with[phrasal verb]
come up with (something)
: to get or think of (something that is needed or wanted)
We finally came up with a solution (to our problem).
He came up with an interesting new method of improving the factory's efficiency.
He'll be in a lot of trouble if he doesn't come up with the money he owes.
come what may
: regardless of what happens
: existing or arriving in the future
Learner's definition of COME