Learner's definition of ACTIVE
1 [more active; most active] : doing things that require physical movement and energy
We stay/keep active during the cold winter months by skiing and ice skating.
Despite her age, she has been able to maintain her active [=busy] lifestyle.
Cats are most active [=energetic, lively] at night.
[more active; most active]
2 a : involved in the activities of a group or organization
: participating in an action or activity — often + in b : involving action or participation
We are active members of our church.
While many give money to the organization, only a few are active participants.
3 : marked by regular action or use 4 of a volcano : likely to explode violently or produce fire and hot liquid rock : capable of erupting 5 of a disease : becoming worse or continuing to have bad effects 6 : having a chemical effect especially on the body 7 a US : involving service in the military as a main job b : involving fighting in a war as a member of the military
He saw no active service [=he did not fight in any battles] during his time in the army.
He was on active service in three separate wars.
soldiers returning home from active service
8 a of a verb or voice : showing that the subject of a sentence is the one doing the action expressed by the verb
“Picked” in “I picked the apples” is an active verb because it shows that the subject “I” is the one who picked the apples.
“Hits” in “She hits the ball” is active, while “hit” in “The ball was hit” is passive.
b of a verb : expressing action rather than describing the state of something
◊ The active voice is a way of writing or speaking that uses active verbs.
Words like “walk,” “sing,” and “eat” are active verbs.
In the sentence “Look at this picture,” the verb “look” is active.